Botulinum toxin (Botox) is mainly popular for its cosmetic effects on wrinkles and frown lines. Botox is also approved for prophylaxis of chronic migraines. However, it might not be clinically significant to use Botox for prophylaxis of chronic migraines as we will learn in this blog.
Insomnia is generally defined as "sleeplessness" subdivided into: difficult to fall asleep (sleep initiation), waken at night and hard to fall back to sleep (sleep maintenance), sleep dissatisfaction despite adequate sleep opportunity associated with daytime drowsiness.
Quality of Life
Insomnia can lead to next day sleepiness, confusion, lack of energy, loss of work productivity and motor vehicle accidents. Long-term insomnia may cause anxiety, depression and even suicidal thoughts in patients.
The California State Board of Pharmacy requires individuals to take and pass the NAPLEX & CPJE to be licensed as a California pharmacist. We will go over some general information on how to prepare for the examinations.
Take the Pre-test.
Before getting down to studying for the NAPLEX examination, take the pre-test first. The pre-test will guide you to work on the areas you are weak in. Take the pre-test in the beginning of the year so you have several months to study before the actual test.
For either work or rotations, student pharmacists will need resources to answer drug interaction questions. Here is the step by step guide to get the Micromedex Drug Interaction app if your institution has subscription. Same steps apply for Micromedex IV Compatibility app.
Was gin and tonic the secret weapon of the British Empire? That was the provocative question addressed in a recent Slate article. So what is in gin and tonic? Gin of course and the secret ingredient: quinine.
The story begins in Peru where the bark of the cinchona tree was used by the indigenous peoples to treat various fevers and shivering. In the 17th century, a Jesuit brother, Agostino Salumbrino (1561-1642), an apothecary by training, noticed that the cinchona bark was effective for symptoms that were similar to that caused by malaria. He sent samples back to Europe and suggested it be tried for malaria which was rampant in the swamps around Rome. Several popes were thought to have died from malaria.