Before starting, wash your hands thoroughly with soap and clean water if possible.
· Most small cuts and scrapes will stop bleeding quickly, For injuries that continue to bleeding, apply gentle pressure with a clean cloth or bandage.. You want to hold the pressure for 20 to 30minutes or until the bleeding stops and elevate the wound. If this doesn’t stop the bleeding then take the patient to an urgent care center or hospital emergency room..
· When cleaning the wound, there is no need to use hydrogen peroxide (relatively ineffective), iodine (will sting and stain) or an thimerosal-containing product (relatively ineffective). The recommendations now are to clean the wound with clean water. Clean the area around the wound with soap and water. If there is debris in the wound after washing, you can use clean (with alcohol) tweezers to remove the particles.
· Protect the wound. Recommend some products to help cover the wound. Gauze and bandages can help keep the wound clean and keep bacteria out. Leave the wound with some airflow; this can help with the healing process.
After all these steps are complete make sure to advise the patient to change the dressing daily or if it becomes dirty or wet. If the wound is not healing or if it is red or more painful then recommend seeing a physician. Also ask the patient if they have gotten a tetanus shot. Tetanus and other types of bacteria or fungus can cause dangerous health problems for people with open wounds.
Posted by: Heather Nguyen PharmD. Candidate 2014